Saladin Mausoleum, Damascus: Know All About Tomb of Saladin

Saladin Mausoleum 

Saladin, also known as Selahedîn, was a famous leader in the history of the Middle East. He was a powerful and respected ruler who lived during the time of the Crusades, which were a series of wars between Christian kingdoms in Europe and Muslim territories in the Middle East.

After Saladin’s death in 1193, he was buried in Damascus, Syria. A mausoleum, which is like a special building where important people are buried, was built to honor him. This mausoleum is called the Saladin Mausoleum.

Monument Name: Saladin’s Mausoleum (Salah al-Din)
Alternate Name: Al-‘Aziziyya Madrasa
Situated: It stands opposite the northern facade of the Great Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria.
Era of Construction: Built between Hegira 589–92 / AD 1193–6
Historical Period: Ayyubid Dynasty

All About Saladin Mausoleum, Damascus

The Saladin Mausoleum is a beautiful and historic place. It’s designed in a simple and elegant style, reflecting the modesty and humility of Saladin himself. Inside, there’s a tomb where Saladin’s remains are believed to rest. People from all over the world visit the Saladin Mausoleum to pay their respects to this great leader. It’s not just a place for Muslims; people of all faiths and backgrounds come to learn about Saladin’s legacy and the important role he played in shaping the history of the Middle East.

The mausoleum stands as a reminder of Saladin’s leadership, his commitment to justice and tolerance, and his efforts to unite people of different cultures and backgrounds. It’s a symbol of calmness and harmony in a region often marked by conflict and division.

The mosque is really big, like a huge square measuring 515 by 330 feet (One Hundred fifty-seven by hundred meters). Inside, there’s a big open space called a courtyard, covered by a row of arches held up by thin columns. On one side of the mosque is a special place for worship called a “liwan.” It’s like a long hallway divided into three parts by more columns and arches. In the middle of this area, there’s a part that sticks out with a dome on top. This dome used to be constructed of wood.

The walls on the south side of the mosque have windows covered with fancy designs made of marble. These designs are some of the earliest examples of fancy patterns in Islamic buildings. The walls of the mosque used to have beautiful pictures all over them, showing a made-up space that people thought looked like a paradise from the Quran. Sadly, most of these pictures are gone now, but some small pieces remain.

In 1401, The mosque went through a lot of troubles it was destroyed by Timur, then reconstructed by the Arabs. Later, in 1893, it was harmed by a fire. Afterward, there is no big reconstruction at Saladin Mausoleum.

Saladin Mausoleum: Saladin Death and Burial

Salah al-Din, also known as Saladin, passed away due to a fever in March 1193. Initially, he was laid to rest temporarily in the Damascus Citadel while preparations were made for his final resting place. During this time, construction began on his mausoleum. Near the mausoleum, a religious school was also built.

Mausoleum of Saladin Architecture

The Tomb of Salah al-Din is a simple building with a square room and pretty walls made of different colors of stone. Inside, there are two tombs: one wooden and said to hold Saladin’s remains, and one marble donated by Kaiser Wilhelm II. The room is small but decorated nicely with pictures and things to honor Saladin. His tomb, covered in special cloth with gold edges, is in the middle and stands out.

The Madhnat ul-‘Arus, also known as the Minaret of the Bride, is located near Saladin’s tomb in the courtyard of Masjid Umawi. You can also see some parts of the old school called Madrasah al-Aziziyah in the courtyard.

Saladin Mausoleum

Saladin, also known as Salah ad-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub, is most famous for his leadership during the Crusades, particularly for his role in the Battle of Hattin and the subsequent recapture of Jerusalem in 1187. Here are some key aspects of his fame:

1. Recapture of Jerusalem (1187)

  • Saladin’s most renowned achievement was the recapture of Jerusalem from the Crusaders, which had been under Christian control since the First Crusade in 1099. This event significantly altered the course of the Crusades and marked a major victory for Muslim forces.

2. Battle of Hattin (1187)

  • Saladin’s decisive victory at the Battle of Hattin on July 4, 1187, led to the downfall of the Crusader states in the Levant. His strategic prowess and effective leadership in this battle crippled the Crusader army, paving the way for the recapture of Jerusalem.

3. Leadership and Diplomacy

  • Saladin was known for his leadership skills, both in military strategy and governance. He unified various Muslim factions in the Middle East, establishing the Ayyubid dynasty and creating a more cohesive front against the Crusaders.

4. Chivalry and Mercy

  • Saladin is often celebrated for his chivalry and merciful treatment of his enemies. He was respected by both Muslims and Christians for his honorable conduct, exemplified by his treatment of prisoners and the terms of surrender he offered to Jerusalem’s inhabitants, allowing many to leave the city safely.

5. Legacy and Cultural Impact

  • Saladin’s legacy endures in both Islamic and Western cultures as a paragon of leadership, valor, and magnanimity. He is remembered as a symbol of resistance against the Crusaders and as a unifier of the Muslim world.

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Frequently Ask Questions 

Ques: Where was Saladin buried?
Ans: Saladin was buried near the northwest corner of the Great Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, Syria.

Ques: Was Saladin Sunni or Shia?
Ans: Saladin was Sunni.

Ques: What is Saladin most famous for?
Ans: Saladin is most famous for his role in the Crusades and the recapture of Jerusalem in 1187.

Ques: Where is Khalid bin Walid buried?
Ans: Khalid bin Walid is buried in Homs, Syria.

Ques: What city did Saladin free?
Ans: Saladin freed Jerusalem from Crusader control.

Ques: When did Saladin conquer Damascus?
Ans: Saladin conquered Damascus in 1174.

Ques: What story behind the Saladin Mausoleum?

Ans: Saladin’s Mausoleum is a historic site in Damascus, Syria, where the renowned Islamic leader, Saladin, is buried. Saladin was a respected military leader and sultan who played a significant role in the Crusades during the Middle Ages. His mausoleum was built in the 12th century by the Ayyubid dynasty, which he founded. 

The mausoleum features beautiful architecture and is an important pilgrimage site for Muslims. It serves as a reminder of Saladin’s legacy and his assistance to Islamic history. Today, visitors can explore the mausoleum and learn about Saladin’s life and achievements.

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